& Ecological balance
The places where
an organism lives and grows known as habitat,
lives in one place and share their resources by interacting with each other.
and interdependence between the varieties of organisms in a habitat in must and should. Based on this interaction they are of 2 types as follows
This is the
interaction between the individuals of same species for food and shelter in a
Example: Cows for grass
members of the same species are living together there will be a tug of war among them. In that,
stronger members will survive where
as weaker ones will die hence they
will be eliminated from the population.
the size of the population.
to the species ad are not lethal.
in the competition pass the characters to their off springs of next generation.
This is the interaction between the individuals of different species for
food and shelter in a habitat.
Example: Different species possess different food habits hence
interaction will at minimum level.
When two or more different species compete
for the same type of food, there will be an interaction which may be beneficial
to both or harmful to both or either beneficial or harmful. Based on this
interactions it is subdivided in to 2
types as follows
It is a close relationship between two organisms from different species and are
of 3 types
It a relationship where both organisms are benefited. Examples:
Lichens(algae & Fungi), Leguminous plants(Rhizobium)
It is a relationship where one organism is benefited while other organism may
be harmed or may not be harmed. Example: Spider(Webs on trees),E.coli (Human
It is a relationship where one organism is benefited while other is harmed. Examples:
Aphids(Sucks the plant juices).They are of two types
ü Partial parasites: Lives for a short
period. Example: Leech.
ü Permanent parasites: Lives throughout
the life. Example: E.coli.
It is of two types
ü Ectoparasites: Outside the organism. Example: Lice.
ü Endoparasites: Inside the organism. Example: E.hystolitica.
It is a relationship in which one of the species is benefited and other
is harmed. They are of two types
It is relationship between two or more organisms i.e., detrimental to one of them.
Example: It is the important source for
preparing the antibiotics which helps to kill the microorganisms present in the
body and protects from diseases.
In marine water
toxic substances are produced by large number of micro organisms known as red-tide cause’s catastrophic destruction of fishes.
is a relationship between the species in which one species uses another’s food. Example: Eagle.
Generally all this leads to an increase in the population size of the
predator and decrease in population size of the prey hence it leads to catastrophic effect. This is mainly due
to construction of dams, hunting of animals and deforestation methods.
All the organisms have a right to live on this planet as man. We should
respect this and allow other organisms to live and share the wealth of this planet.
So our motto should be LIVE and LET LIVE.